Research Reveals Shocking Truth About Sports Foods

A comprehensive audit of readily available sports foods has revealed many are mislabelled and claim to be more nutritious than they actually are.

The audit of foods by researchers from Deakin University’s Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition (IPAN) looked at protein based products (powders, bars and snacks, ready-made shakes), carbohydrate based products (powders, gels) and other products like creatine and beta-alanine which are sold in supermarkets, pharmacies, health food stores and gyms.

PhD candidate Celeste Chapple said the amount of misinformation on product labels was shocking and raised serious concerns for average consumers who buy these foods assuming they are nutritious and can be eaten as part of a healthy diet.

The IPAN sports food audit looked at food labelling on all sides of the packaging finding:

  • approximately 33 per cent of products appeared to have incorrect nutrition information,
  • less than half the products displayed the correct warning and advisory statements, or the prescribed name (which is a requirement of Food Standards Australia New Zealand under the food standards code),
  • around a third of sports foods, particularly protein bars, provided nutrient information that did not match the stated energy content on the nutrition panel,
  • sports foods displayed multiple claims, including one product that displayed 67 pieces of information. Given the misinformation in the nutrient information, the claims were likely to be incorrect or misleading.

“These findings suggest current labelling is misleading and deceptive. We need a complete overhaul of labelling for sports foods and restrictions placed on where these foods are sold to ensure consumers have the accurate information needed to make healthy choices,” Ms Chapple said.

“Consumption of sports foods has increased dramatically over the past 20 years and people might reasonably expect these foods to provide the energy and nutrients required to lead a fit and healthy lifestyle.

“The incorrect nutrient information suggests food manufacturers are favouring marketing statements on packaging over accurate nutrition information, which could result in consumers eating too much or not enough of particular nutrients/foods.

“In addition to misleading nutrient information, almost all the sports foods surveyed included an artificial sweetener and many products contained multiple artificial sweeteners which we know can be harmful for some people.

“Food Standards Australia New Zealand is currently reviewing the standards for these foods since they were first published in 2001.

“This review needs to recommend better regulation of labelling and tighter restrictions on where these foods can be sold. For example, age restrictions on products are harder to enforce when the product is sold in supermarkets, rather than chemists or health food stores.”

/University Public Release. This material from the originating organization/author(s) might be of the point-in-time nature, and edited for clarity, style and length. Mirage.News does not take institutional positions or sides, and all views, positions, and conclusions expressed herein are solely those of the author(s).View in full here.

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Sleep, Diet or Exercise? There’s One More Thing May Be Making Your Bones Weaker, According to New Study

Sleep, Diet or Exercise? There's One More Thing May Be Making Your Bones Weaker, According to New Study
Sleep, Diet or Exercise? There’s One More Thing May Be Making Your Bones Weaker, According to New Study

Men, be warned: New Study Reveals a Lesser-Known Factor That Could Lead to Brittle Bones – and It Is As Important As Your Diet, Exercise, and Sleep.

Osteoporosis is a common condition that weakens, thins, and hardens bones, making them more likely to break. According to the National Institutes of Health, the disorder is more common in postmenopausal women and may increase the risk of fractures, particularly in the hip, spine, and wrist.

It is commonly referred to as a “silent disease” due to the fact that bone loss may occur gradually and unnoticeably. Individuals might not realize they’re suffering from osteoporosis until they experience a bone fracture, reduction in height, or a stooped stance.

In the United States, statistics from the National Osteoporosis Foundation indicate that osteoporosis affects approximately 10 million individuals, while an additional 44 million have diminished bone density, known as osteopenia, which predisposes them to develop osteoporosis.

Various factors contribute to the onset of osteoporosis. A notable one is the rapid loss of bone mass following menopause.

In men, bone loss often begins between the ages of 60 and 70.

Inadequate calcium intake and deficient vitamin D levels in the system can also trigger bone loss. The body requires sufficient calcium and other minerals for bone formation, with vitamin D playing a crucial role in assimilating calcium from food and integrating it into the bone. Furthermore, detrimental habits such as smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can expedite bone depletion.

Emerging research, unveiled at ENDO 2023 – the annual congregation of the Endocrine Society held in Chicago, Illinois, says that social isolation could have an adverse effect on bone well-being, as indicated by a study conducted on mice.

“Social isolation is a potent form of psychosocial stress and is a growing public health concern, particularly among older adults,” points out lead researcher Rebecca Mountain. “Even prior to the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic, which has significantly increased the prevalence of isolation and loneliness, researchers have been concerned about a rising ‘epidemic of loneliness.’”

Mountain highlighted that being socially isolated is linked with a heightened risk for a range of health issues in humans, such as mental health complications. Additionally, it’s associated with an overall increase in the incidence of disease and mortality rates.

“Previous clinical research has demonstrated that psychosocial stressors, and subsequent mental health disorders, are major risk factors for osteoporosis and fracture, which disproportionally affect older adults,” Mountain adds. “The effects of social isolation on bone, however, have not been thoroughly investigated.”

In their recent investigation, the researchers subjected adult mice to either solitary confinement (one mouse per enclosure) or group housing (four mice per enclosure) over a period of four weeks. Their findings indicated that solitary confinement led to substantial deterioration in bone health, including diminished bone mineral density, particularly in male mice, with female mice seemingly unaffected.

“Overall, our data suggest that social isolation has a dramatic negative effect on bone in male mice, but it may operate through different mechanisms or in a different time frame in female mice,” Mountain adds. “Future research is needed to understand how these findings translate to human populations.”

In addition to studying the impacts of social isolation on human datasets, her team of researchers will also endeavor to understand the biological processes through which social isolation leads to bone loss, utilizing mouse models for their investigations.

“Our work provides critical insight into the effects of isolation on bone and has key clinical implications as we grapple with the long-term health impacts of the rise in social isolation related to the COVID-19 pandemic,” Mountain remarks.

Image Credit: Shutterstock

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Harness the Power of Sound for Incredible Weight Loss

At the heart of Slim Sounds is an impressive Artificial Intelligence (AI). But this AI isn’t ordinary. It’s a powerful tool that has studied thousands of books and research papers about weight loss, dieting, exercise, and how to beat hunger and cravings.

This AI is a super reader. It’s like having an expert team of dieticians, coaches, and scientists all rolled into one. It’s read more about weight loss than anyone could in a lifetime. From all this knowledge, it’s created Slim Sounds audio files, each designed to help you overcome a different weight loss challenge.

Some of us struggle with eating too much, others with cravings, and some with staying motivated. The AI understands this. So, it’s made a range of audio files to help with these problems. When you listen to the files, they gently guide you towards healthier habits.

The AI’s role in Slim Sounds shows how modern technology can help us live healthier lives. The mix of AI with human understanding is what makes Slim Sounds a true game-changer in the world of weight loss.

Evidence supporting Slim Sounds’ effectiveness is mounting. From testimonials of enthusiastic users to data-backed studies highlighting its impacts, the narrative is the same: Slim Sounds delivers.

Take the case of Lisa, a 35-year-old mother. After implementing Slim Sounds into her routine, Lisa witnessed transformative changes. “Initially, I was a bit skeptical, but the results were undeniable. I began eating less, gravitating towards healthier foods, and found an inexplicable surge in motivation. I’ve already lost 10 pounds in the first month!”

John, a 45-year-old man who’d hit a plateau in his weight loss journey, also reported substantial progress after incorporating Slim Sounds. He shared, “Slim Sounds helped me break through my weight loss barrier. The concept that these sounds could have such a profound effect was mind-boggling, but I can’t deny the 15 pound weight loss I achieved in just six weeks “

One of the most appealing aspects of Slim Sounds is its sheer simplicity. It doesn’t promote fad diets or demand grueling workout sessions — it invites users to relax, listen, and let the sounds stimulate change. The AI-created frequencies operate subconsciously, modulating users’ dietary habits and lifestyle choices without them even realizing it.

Despite its notable successes, it’s important to underscore that Slim Sounds doesn’t propose to replace a balanced diet or regular physical exercise. It is a complementary tool, enhancing conventional weight loss efforts by nudging users towards healthier decisions and behaviors.

An additional feature of Slim Sounds is its broad applicability. It’s designed for everyone, whether you’re 25 or 55 or just beginning your weight loss journey or seeking that final push. It’s not just a weight loss tool; it’s a tool for lifestyle transformation, for creating a healthier relationship with food, fitness, and overall health.

Beyond weight loss, Slim Sounds offers a holistic health boost, enhancing users’ focus, reducing stress levels, increasing willpower, and fostering a sense of overall well-being. It’s not solely about physical transformation but also mental and emotional health.

For those curious about this groundbreaking weight loss tool, the Slim Sounds website offers more information and opportunities to experience the transformative power of sound. This innovation is a testament to how far technology has come, redefining traditional weight loss approaches. As the Slim Sounds revolution continues to gain momentum, it’s evident that the weight loss industry is on the cusp of a seismic shift. With Slim Sounds, the journey to weight loss and a healthier lifestyle is just a sound away.


Enhance Your Well-Being and Nourish Your Body

International Yoga Day is celebrated worldwide on June 21st and serves as a global platform to raise awareness about the transformative impact of yoga on our lives. Yoga, with its profound ability to harmonize the body, mind, and spirit, guides us towards optimal health and wellness. And what better way to enhance this transformative experience than by embracing a healthy and balanced diet and incorporating nutritious foods like almonds every day?

With its 15 essential nutrients, almonds offer a myriad of health benefits that complement the practice of yoga. These healthy nuts are known to support immunity, help in weight and diabetes management, promote heart and skin health amongst other benefits. Almonds are a natural source of fiber, protein, healthy fats, vitamin E, zinc, copper, magnesium and many other nutrients that are required for good health. Here are some of the key reasons why you should include a handful of almonds in your daily diet.

Energy: Almonds are a perfect snack choice as they are a healthy source of energy which in turn could help in keeping you active. This in turn helps you to perform your yoga asanas with ease.

Muscle Recovery and Repair: Yoga involves stretching and strengthening various muscle groups. As per nutrition research eating almonds promotes muscle recovery and reduces fatigue from exercise. Hence, consuming almonds after a yoga session may help in muscle recovery.

Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy bodyweight is essential for optimal well-being and enhancing your yoga practices. Almonds provide satiety, reduce hunger pangs and help you manage your weight. It’s combination of healthy fats, protein, and fiber keeps you feeling fuller for longer, which helps you to curb your desire to eat unhealthy snacks.

Heart Health: Regular yoga practice promotes cardiovascular health, and almonds can further contribute to a healthy heart. Additionally, almonds are low in sodium and do not contain cholesterol, making them a heart-healthy snack option.

Fitness and Celebrity Instructor, Yasmin Karachiwala, said, “Yoga is a powerful practice that nurtures the mind, body, and spirit. As we celebrate International Yoga Day, let’s remember the significance of fuelling our bodies with nourishing foods. Almonds, with their abundant nutrients and wholesome goodness, make for an ideal snack choice to support our yoga journey. They provide natural energy, protein, and some of the essential vitamins and minerals, fuelling our workouts and aiding in post-workout recovery. Incorporating almonds into our diet can enhance the benefits of yoga and promote overall fitness and well-being.”

Speaking about people with Type 2 diabetes, and how incorporating Yoga and a nutrient rich diet can help them, Sheela Krishnaswamy, Nutrition and Wellness Consultant, said “In people with Type 2 diabetes, yoga can help to reduce blood glucose levels, as per a study published in the Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. Along with yoga, I suggest adding a daily dose of almonds to create a holistic wellness regime. Research shows that daily consumption of almonds increased the intake of MUFA with decrease in carbohydrate calories and decreased insulin resistance. It also improved insulin sensitivity and lowered serum cholesterol in Asian Indians with overweight/obesity. These effects in the long run could aid in reducing the risk of diabetes and other cardiometabolic disease.”

Renowned Indian television & film actress Nisha Ganesh said, “Yoga has been instrumental in improving my flexibility, strength, and mental focus. Along with my yoga routine, I prioritize a wholesome diet, and almonds play a vital role in my nutrition. Nuts like almonds provide some of the essential nutrients, and promote muscle recovery, making them an ideal snack for yoga enthusiasts.”

Well-known South Indian Actress Pranitha Subhash said, “Yoga is not just a form of exercise; it’s a way of life. As we celebrate International Day of Yoga, let’s remember that true wellness comes from within. Almonds, with their natural goodness are a perfect fit for a yoga routine. Including almonds in your diet will nourish your body and elevate your yoga experience.”

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Emily Atack in Bathing Suit “Might Call My First Child Paella” — Celebwell

Emily Atack is living it up in Ibiza – in her bathing suit. The Inbetweeners star shows off her incredible body in a swimsuit while feasting on a traditional Spanish dish in one of her latest social media posts. “Might call my first child Paella,” she captioned the Instagram post. How does the English actress maintain her fit physique? Read on to see 5 of Emily Atack’s top diet and fitness tips for staying in shape and the photos that prove they work—and to get beach-ready yourself, don’t miss these essential 30 Best-Ever Celebrity Bathing Suit Photos!

JMEnternational/Getty Images

Emily makes sure to hydrate. “I’m really good with my water now,” she told HELLO! “I try and drink two litres of water a day.” This translates to about a half-gallon, which is generally recommended by health experts for the average person. According to the Mayo Clinic, hydration is important for a variety of reasons. Water helps get rid of waste through urination, perspiration, and bowel movements, keeps your temperature normal, lubricates and cushions joints, and helps protect sensitive tissues.

“I do try and keep quite healthy – because I love alcohol, I have to balance it out a bit! I can’t be eating bags of chips if I’m having wine,” Emily told Hello, adding that she loves a glass of wine with a meal. “I like white wine, I like red wine, I like rose wine, I like dessert wine, I drink everything! All the wine!” 

/Dave Benett/Getty Images

Emily is a fan of intermittent fasting. She eats her first meal around noon. I don’t have breakfast – I’m not a morning person – and I’ll eat my first meal, usually a chicken salad, around midday,’ she explains. ‘Mid-afternoon, I’ll have a snack, and then another meal early evening, which is normally a pasta-based dish or a HelloFresh delivery if I’m busy. And if I want dark chocolate, popcorn or my favorite pad thai takeaway, I won’t deny myself,” she told Women’s Health.

Nataliya Vaitkevich via Pixels

“Food for me… there is no such thing as a guilty pleasure, it’s all just pleasure. It should never be guilty,” Emily dished to Hello about her approach to cheat meals. “In the week, I’ll snack on things like cashew nuts and fruit. I’ll have a banana. If I’m sitting there and craving something sweet I’ll have a bit of dark chocolate, and I always have an emergency tub of ice cream,” she said. “At the weekends I pretty much eat what I want. I save all the naughty stuff like crisps for the weekend.” She added: “I’m in my 30s now. I can’t get away with having pizza takeaways three times a week! And I’m certainly not one of those people that runs marathons. I’m not athletic in any way, so I need to keep a good balance.”

Emily exercises her body and mind. “I’m quite spiritual. I believe in positive energy and manifestation – that what you put out into the universe, you get back,” she told Women’s Health. 

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Why Do Seventh-Day Adventists Live So Long? Hint: It Has a Lot to Do With Plants 

“God said, ‘See, I give you every seed-bearing plant that is upon all the Earth, and every tree that has fruit with seed in it,’” reads Genesis 1:29. “‘They will be yours for food.’”

This particular Bible passage is fundamental to the Seventh-day Adventists, a Protestant Christian denomination with more than one million members across North America. Most believe that the lord wants them to take care of their bodies with a well-balanced vegetarian diet, as well as regular exercise and other healthy lifestyle habits. And it’s paying off because this small religious group lives longer than most Americans.

In fact, Seventh-day Adventists can live up to around a decade longer than the rest of the US population. Here’s more about their religion, lifestyle, diets, and the important lessons they have to share with the rest of the world.

Who are the Seventh-day Adventists?

The Seventh-day Adventist Church was formally established back in the mid-1800s, and since then, it has grown steadily to include around 1.2 million people, who are predominantly located across the US and Canada.

Loma Linda, CA is particularly famous for its association with the church and is home to around 9,000 Seventh-day Adventists. Most reject evolution and believe that God made heaven, Earth, and all living things in six days. Instead of Sunday, as is the norm in most Christian denominations, Seventh-day Adventists worship on Saturdays.


According to Pew Research, the Seventh-day Adventist Church is a particularly racially and ethnically diverse American religious group—around 32 percent of members are Black, while 15 percent are Hispanic, and 8 percent are Asian.

The church is not generally accepting of the LGBTQ+ community, however. According to the Human Rights Campaign, it “condemns same-sex practices and relationships.”

Seventh-day Adventist views on the queer community may be out of step with modern thinking (America’s acceptance of same-sex relationships reached its highest point last year, according to one Gallup study), but many argue there may still be some lessons that we can learn from the way that these people live.

In fact, the Seventh-day Adventist approach to diet and lifestyle has earned Loma Linda the coveted title of “Blue Zone,” which are geographic regions where people tend to live longer than most.

What are the Blue Zones and how are they related to the Adventist Church?

There are five official Blue Zones in the world, and, as well as Loma Linda, they include Ikaria in Greece; Barbagia, Sardinia in Italy; Okinawa in Japan; and Nicoya in Costa Rica.

In these areas, identified by the official Blue Zone organization, there are more nonagenarians (people who live over the age of 90) and centenarians (people who live over the age of 100) than elsewhere in the world. In the US, the average life expectancy is around 77, and the leading cause of death is heart disease.

Loma Linda is the only one out of these five Blue Zone communities that follows the specific teachings of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, but they still have a lot in common with the other places on the list.

In fact, the Blue Zone organization notes there are nine key factors that link all of these communities and their long life expectancies together. They are called The Power 9, and they are as follows: 

  • Move naturally (just relaxed, natural activity, instead of pumping weights)
  • Have a purpose
  • Downshift (which is, essentially, effective stress management)
  • 80 percent rule (eat until your stomach is 80 percent full)
  • Plant slant (limit meat significantly and eat beans for protein)
  • Wine @ 5 (drink alcohol moderately, or not at all, like the Adventists)
  • Belong (most Blue Zone centenarians belong to some sort of faith-based community)
  • Loved ones first (take care of your family and they’ll take care of you)
  • Right tribe (have a healthy, committed social circle)

Why do Seventh-day Adventists live so long?

The Seventh-day Adventists themselves have also done an extensive amount of research into why, exactly, they live longer than other communities in America. And their findings, which have been published as part of Loma Linda University’s Adventist Health Studies, have been important in understanding the power of nutrition when it comes to tackling chronic disease.

Because Seventh-day Adventists eat very little to no meat, their consumption of plant-based protein sources, including nuts, is high. And so, in the 1970s, one Adventist Health Study began to investigate this dietary habit, and they found an association between the consumption of nuts and a reduced risk of coronary heart disease.

According to the research, eating nuts one to four times a week lowered the risk of a non-fatal heart attack by 74 percent and the risk of fatal coronary heart disease by 73 percent.

The same research suggested that this frequent nut consumption, combined with an overall vegetarian diet, was one key contributing factor to a longer life expectancy for Seventh-day Adventists. Similar to the Blue Zone research, lower body weight, never smoking, and regular exercise were also found to be key factors.

“To make it to age 100, you have to have won the genetic lottery. But most of us have the capacity to make it well into our early 90s and largely without chronic disease,” notes the official Blue Zone organization. “As the Adventists demonstrate, the average person’s life expectancy could increase by 10-12 years by adopting a Blue Zones lifestyle.”

For more on plant-based diets and health, read:

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Adaptive Fitness Spaces Are on the Rise| Well+Good

Whether in water or on land, low-intensity or high, moving your body is something everyone should have the opportunity to do. But all too often, fitness communities are created without ramps or room to maneuver a wheelchair, and filled with machines only designed for folks without disabilities. “At the start of my fitness journey, there were no spaces, platforms, or groups geared to helping people like me exercise,” says paraplegic athlete Zion Clark, a wrestler, Guinness World Record holder, and FitXR trainer. Without legs due to a birth defect, Clarke had trouble finding gyms that he could independently navigate around, and with equipment he could use. 

Despite common misconceptions to the contrary, the disability community makes up a significant portion of the adult population. In the United states, around 61 million adults have a mobility, vision, auditory, cognitive, or self-care disability. This is more than a quarter (27 percent) of the population.

Yet few gyms or fitness studios are accessible to wheelchairs, smart canes, and other assistive devices, and few fitness professionals are prepared to build out training programs or offer appropriate modifications for exercisers with physical disabilities. This might be partially due to the fact that so many fitness spaces are founded by trainers without disabilities, and accessibility issues don’t cross their radar because those with disabilities don’t feel welcomed, so their paths never cross.

Fortunately, in just the past couple of years, there have been some legit strides made toward greater inclusivity. Proof: In 2021, the CrossFit Games finally offered a division for adaptive athletes—meaning, people with physical or neurological conditions—to compete in the sport. That same year, Peloton brought on an adaptive training consultant and released an adaptive training collection. Both Nike and Tonal now offer classes for adaptive athletes.

There are also more machines that can be used by people with disabilities than ever before. For instance, a new deadlift accessory allows individuals with one arm to deadlift. There are bikes that allow people who use wheelchairs to pedal. And we now have rowers made with visual impairments in mind.

And today, a handful of fitness studios around the country—like Split Second Fitness in New Orleans, Unified Health and Performance in Massachusetts, Iron Adaptive in Missouri, and Deaf Planet Soul in Chicago—cater specifically to the disability community.

No doubt, these examples remain the exception to the rule. “Typical gym spaces are still not functional for many people with disabilities,” says Mark Raymond Jr., founder of the non-profit Split Second Foundation and a C-5 quadriplegic. Generally speaking, the average commercial gym is not prepared to host or train people who cannot walk or cannot see, for instance.

And this oversight is doing a major disservice to those with disabilities. As adaptive CrossFit Games athlete Logan Aldridge, a Peloton instructor who teaches strength, tread, and adaptive training classes, points out, “Exercising gives people with disabilities a variety of new abilities and skills, such as being able to pick up boxes, access new ranges of motion, walk without assistance, and more.”

What’s more, the mental health benefit of exercise may be especially beneficial, says Barbara Chancey, founder of Barbara Chancey Design Group the design firm behind Texas-based CYCED, the first indoor cycling studio featuring customized bikes for “Adaptive Riders.” Indeed, research has found that people living with physical disabilities are three times more likely to experience depression. “Isolation is a growing concern [for] those with disabilities, as they are far more likely to withdraw socially,” says Chancey. “Exercise presents an opportunity to engage in group activities and the surrounding environment.”

The fact is, only when all fitness facilities are designed for wheelchair access and equipped with machines designed for people with physical disabilities, and trainer certifications require knowledge of working with clientele with disabilities, will the fitness world be truly accessible.

And as Jamal Hill, a paralympic swim medalist with Team USA points out, it’s a move that simply makes smart financial sense. “Promoting inclusivity in the fitness industry is just the right thing to do, but also it’s good for business,” he says. “By catering to the needs of a diverse range of clients, gyms and fitness centers can tap into a previously untapped market and improve their bottom line.”

So, what can fitness studios do to be more accessible?

If you’re a fitness pro and want to advocate for or make a change at your own gym, here are some expert tips:

1. Make your marketing material inclusive

The images you use in your gym marketing (including social media posts and website design) show the kind of bodies you believe belong. Ditto goes for the art you hang in your space. Make sure your photos include athletes of all abilities, says Aldridge, as well as gender presentations, sizes, and races. Better yet, hire adaptive athletes to model in your campaigns!

These images, however, should not mislead potential members. Don’t hang photographs of athletes in wheelchairs, for example, if your space is not wheelchair-accessible.

2. Put your money where your marketing is

Representation is just the start. “To be truly accessible, fitness studios must also proactively create spaces and programming that are accessible,” says Hill. This includes investing in adaptive equipment. “For example, a gym could purchase machines with adjustable seats or supports, or resistance bands that can be used from a seated position,” he says. That also includes offering classes specifically for the adaptive community, or being sure that all of your workouts can be modified to people with all different abilities, Hill says.

Ask: Who can get into the facility? Is there a ramp or are there only stairs? Similarly, who can move through the facility with ease? “It’s just coming from an empathetic perspective of, if I were in a wheelchair or couldn’t see, how would I operate in this facility?” says Aldridge. “Something as little as little lips in gym floors and little elevation changes can be pretty significant for altering the ability to navigate for a wheelchair athlete,” he explains. Accessible gyms know this and work to minimize it.

And don’t forget your restrooms, says Raymond. “The restroom facilities including lockers and shower areas need to be accessible, too,” he says. “Fixed benches in these small spaces are the worst,” he says.

To be clear, there are some accommodations that aren’t always going to be immediately obvious. Disability consultants and coordinators are experts at eying a space and outlining what needs to be updated.

3. Take stock of who you’re hiring

“Another important aspect of creating an accessible, inclusive fitness space is hiring trainers and instructors with different body types and abilities,” says Hill. This not only provides opportunities for athletes with disabilities to work in the industry, but also helps to break down stereotypes about what a “fit” body should look like, he says. The same holds true for gym staff members.

4. Offer staff accessibility trainings

“Gyms should ensure that their staff are trained in how to work with people with disabilities,” says Hill. ACE Fitness, for instance, offers a certification called Adaptive Fitness for Clients with Special Needs, while CrossFit offers an online course called Adaptive Training Academy. These courses include information like how to modify exercises, use equipment, and provide appropriate support, says Hill. Fitness studios can also provide disability inclusion training for their staff.

Remember: True accessibility includes the language we use. A coach calling themselves “OCD” when they want the room set up just so or an instructor saying it’s “lame” to modify an exercise show ableist language (and thought patterns) at work. More likely than not, it’s probably unintentional. But it’s phrases like these that can end up leaving people out.

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Opinion | Are Wine, Chocolate and Artificial Sweeteners Good for You? Nutrition Science Needs a Reboot.

The World Health Organization recently advised people to avoid using artificial sweeteners for weight loss or to reduce their risk of health issues like heart disease and diabetes. This was based on the agency’s review of available research on artificial sweeteners to date.

Unfortunately, people cannot be confident in those findings. That’s because existing studies on artificial sweeteners are plagued by methodological problems. Even the W.H.O. knows this, given that it ultimately described its certainty in the existing evidence as “low.” Maybe it’s true that artificial sweeteners don’t help with weight loss — but we really do not know for sure.

This is not a problem reserved for artificial sweeteners alone. The state of nutrition research is poor, and the problems afflict much of the research into dietary and lifestyle claims around things like coffee, wine, dark chocolate, fad diets, the amount you exercise — you name it. This in part explains other recent flip-flopping around whether moderate drinking is “good” for you: A recent review found the research methods used in many past studies on the benefits of drinking alcohol to be flawed.

Diet and exercise are clearly important parts of a healthy lifestyle, but it’s challenging to accurately estimate the specific effect of making any change based on how most nutrition and lifestyle research is currently conducted.

Take the case of artificial sweeteners. Randomized studies — where people are randomly assigned to one treatment or another to ensure that no other factors interfere — are considered the gold standard. But randomized trials of sweeteners are often small and brief, which makes it hard to reach reliable conclusions about their long-term effects. The way sweeteners are studied in trials is also often very different from the way people use them in the real world. For example, some trials had participants consume artificial sweeteners in addition to their typical diets, rather than replacing some real sugars in their diets with artificial sweeteners — the intervention researchers are most interested in — often over a period of just a few months.

Many studies, of both sweeteners and other diet and lifestyle behaviors, ‌‌are not randomized. For example, several studies of sweeteners simply observe people over time, following both their sweetener use and their health outcomes like rates of diabetes or heart attacks. These observational studies, as they’re called, have their own problems, many of which are so serious that it is difficult to take such studies, well, seriously.

The most significant of these problems is well known: Correlation does not imply causation. If people who consume more sweeteners are more likely to have Type 2 diabetes, did the sweeteners cause the diabetes? Or are the people who use more sweeteners also more likely to have diabetes because of other aspects of their diet or health? Researchers can try to account for obvious differences between groups, but it’s impossible to account for everything.

If the typical randomized trials and observational studies of dietary and lifestyle research present so many challenges, how can we get reliable answers?

Reliability still starts with randomization. Randomization is key to establishing cause and effect; it helps make sure two groups are otherwise similar before we consider what happens to those people who consume different amounts of artificial sweeteners, red wine or dark chocolate.

In randomized trials, researchers intentionally randomize people to one group or another, but it’s difficult to conduct trials like this that are large enough and long enough to be useful. (Would you let a scientist tell you what to eat every day for the next decade?)

But there are other ways to credibly study the cause-and-effect relationships of dietary and lifestyle behaviors: by identifying situations in which people are exposed to those behaviors, not by the randomizing hands of researchers but by accident. So-called natural experiments, commonly used in economics, are extraordinarily powerful but sorely underused in medical research.

Consider, for example, that in 1953 Britain ended the rationing of sugar and sweets that had been in place since World War II. Interested in studying the effect of sugar intake in early childhood, the economists Paul Gertler and Tadeja Gracner noticed that children born in the years just before the rationing ended spent their infancy and toddler years with limited sugar in their diets because of said rationing.

Children born a few years later had early childhood diets heavier in sugar. When those children became adults, their intake of sugar continued to be higher than that of otherwise similar children who were born during sugar rationing.

By measuring the health of these two groups more than 50 years later — far longer than any clinical trial could reasonably follow people — the economists found that the additional sugar intake led to higher rates of diabetes, elevated cholesterol, arthritis and measures of chronic inflammation.

Another way people can be accidentally randomized to health behaviors is through their genes. Consider the heavily studied question of whether alcohol, in moderation, is “good” or “bad” for your health. In a study of over 500,000 Chinese adults, researchers took advantage of the genetic variations that cause some adults, randomly, to enzymatically process alcohol differently, leading to unpleasant symptoms such as flushing. Because those individuals tend to drink less alcohol, researchers can study the causal relationship between alcohol use and health outcomes by examining otherwise similar people with and without specific gene variants, an approach called Mendelian randomization.

While the jury is still out, some research using these methods suggests that even small amounts of alcohol may lead to higher risks of cardiovascular disease and cancer.

Now, here are some untested ideas in nutrition research that, using methods more often found in economics than in medicine, could take advantage of naturally occurring randomization.

Returning to the question of how early childhood sugar intake affects health, let’s say researchers could track down families with three children where the middle child was diagnosed with diabetes. The eldest child in those families may have spent several years growing up without special household attention paid to sugar intake, until the middle sibling was diagnosed with diabetes. Meanwhile, the youngest child in those families might have grown up in a particularly sugar-conscious household.

One could study these families and compare long-term health outcomes between first and third siblings who, by chance, were exposed to different sugar environments. And if they were concerned (as we’d be) that the oldest and youngest kids in families might differ in other ways besides their exposure to sugar, they could account for that by comparing first and third siblings in otherwise similar families in which the middle child did not have diabetes. This isn’t a perfect study, since siblings don’t grow up in identical environments, but it’s better than simple observational ones because it takes advantage of the random nature of siblings’ birth order.

We understand why so many simple observational studies get published; the impacts of diet are difficult to study by traditional means in medical research, and there’s great desire to better understand the health effects of the foods we eat.

But filling the research void with studies that do little to help us understand the cause-and-effect relationships of our real-life dietary decisions does little to advance understanding — in fact, it sows confusion.

Medical researchers pressured professionally to “publish or perish” are often incentivized to publish simple observational studies that lack empirical rigor. Medical journals, responding to public interest in information about diet, in turn encourage this research despite knowing its significant limitations. Media coverage may simply add to the confusion.

The now decades-old “credibility revolution” in economics advanced the use of high-quality, often creative research designs in empirical economic work — so much so that in 2021, a group of economists were awarded the Nobel Prize for their work with natural experiments.

Although medical researchers are increasingly taking advantage of natural experiments — thanks in part to large increases in digital data in recent years — these methods remain under-taught and underused, particularly when it comes to diet. This important research needs a credibility revolution of its own.

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Dietary Supplements Markets – Global Forecast to 2028 –

Dublin, June 19, 2023 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The “Dietary Supplements Market by Type (Botanicals, Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids, Enzymes, Probiotics), Function, Mode of Application, Target Consumer, Distribution Channel (Pharmacy, Supermarket/Hypermarket, Online) and Region – Global Forecast to 2028” report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering.

The dietary supplements market size is estimated to be valued at USD 167.5 billion in 2023 and is projected to reach USD 239.4 billion by 2028, recording a CAGR of 7.4%

Various factors, such as increasing health awareness, rising demand for preventive healthcare, aging population, expanding e-commerce, and the preference for natural and sustainable products drive the market.

Dietary supplements are used to supplement the diet and provide essential nutrients, vitamins, minerals, herbs, or other beneficial substances. They help support overall health, fill nutritional gaps, and address specific health concerns. Dietary supplements come in various forms such as tablets, capsules, powders, liquids, soft gels, and gel capsules.

They can be taken as additional supplements to enhance nutrient intake, as medicinal supplements to address specific deficiencies or health conditions, or as sports nutrition supplements to enhance athletic performance and support muscle recovery. These different types and applications of dietary supplements cater to a wide range of health and wellness needs.

The dietary supplements market is expected to witness significant growth during the forecast period increasing demand for health and wellness products, preventive healthcare, and the trend toward self-care and personal well-being.

Manufacturers are continuously investing and expanding their market to meet the growing demand for dietary supplements. For example, Nestle strengthens its presence in the Brazilian dietary supplements market with the acquisition of PurVida, Brazil.

By type, the Vitamin segment is the largest segment during the forecast period.

Vitamins play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and are essential for various bodily functions. Factors driving the growth of the vitamin segment include increasing health awareness, rising prevalence of vitamin deficiencies, and a growing focus on preventive healthcare.

Consumers are seeking to fill nutritional gaps through vitamin supplementation to support their well-being. The availability of a wide range of vitamin formulations, including single vitamins or multivitamin combinations, caters to diverse consumer needs. With the increasing emphasis on maintaining optimal nutrition, the vitamin segment is expected to witness significant growth in the dietary supplements market.

By function, the additional supplements segment is expected to grow at the highest growth rate during the forecast period.

Additional supplements encompass a wide range of products aimed at supporting overall health and well-being. These supplements provide additional nutrients, such as vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, or herbal extracts, to supplement the daily diet and fill nutritional gaps.

The increasing demand for preventive healthcare and the growing emphasis on maintaining optimal nutrition are driving the growth of the additional supplements segment. Consumers are seeking these supplements to enhance their overall health, boost immune function, support energy levels, and promote specific health benefits.

The availability of a diverse range of additional supplements catering to various health concerns contributes to the segment’s dominance in the dietary supplements market.

By mode of application, the liquid segment is projected to grow at the highest CAGR in the dietary supplement markets.

The popularity of liquid dietary supplements can be attributed to several factors. Liquids offer convenience and ease of consumption, especially for individuals who have difficulty swallowing pills or capsules. They provide a quick and efficient way to deliver nutrients to the body. Liquid supplements often have faster absorption rates compared to other forms, allowing for quicker nutrient uptake.

Additionally, liquids are highly versatile, as they can be formulated with various ingredients, flavors, and concentrations to meet specific consumer preferences and health needs. The liquid segment’s growth is driven by the demand for convenient, fast-acting, and customizable dietary supplements.

By target consumer, the adult segment is expected to dominate the market during the forecast period.

The adult segment is projected to dominate the dietary supplements market during the forecast period. Several factors contribute to this dominance. Adults generally have higher purchasing power and a greater emphasis on maintaining their health and well-being.

They are more likely to proactively seek out dietary supplements to support their nutritional needs and address specific health concerns. The adult population encompasses a wide range of age groups, each with different nutritional requirements.

This diversity drives the demand for a variety of dietary supplements tailored to address specific age-related concerns, such as bone health, heart health, cognitive function, and immune support. The adult segment’s dominance reflects the significant market potential and wide-ranging needs within this consumer group.

By distribution channel, the online segment is expected to grow at a significant CAGR during the forecast period.

The online segment is projected to be the largest distribution channel within the dietary supplements market during the forecast period. Several factors contribute to the dominance of the online segment.

The increasing penetration of e-commerce platforms and the growing trend of online shopping have made dietary supplements easily accessible to consumers. Online platforms offer a wide range of products, enabling consumers to explore a broader selection and compare prices conveniently.

The online segment provides a platform for direct-to-consumer brands and smaller supplement manufacturers to reach a wider audience without the need for extensive physical distribution networks. Additionally, the convenience, 24/7 availability, and doorstep delivery offered by online channels align with consumer preferences for seamless shopping experiences, contributing to the online segment’s market dominance.

Asia Pacific market is estimated to be the fastest-growing region in the dietary supplements market.

Asia Pacific is poised to be the fastest-growing region in the dietary supplements market during the forecast period. Several factors contribute to this growth.

The region is experiencing rapid urbanization, along with rising disposable incomes and a growing middle class, leading to increased consumer spending on health and wellness products. There is a rising awareness of preventive healthcare and a shift towards proactive approaches to well-being among consumers in the region.

Moreover, the popularity of traditional medicine and herbal supplements, coupled with a strong cultural inclination towards natural and holistic remedies, further drives the demand for dietary supplements. The expanding e-commerce landscape in the Asia Pacific provides convenient access to a wide variety of dietary supplements, bolstering market growth in the region.

Competitive landscape

Key players operating in this market are Nestle (Switzerland), Abbott (US), Amway Corp (US), Pfizer Inc. (US), ADM (US), International Flavors & Fragrance (US), and Otsuka Holdings Co., Ltd (Japan).

Key Attributes:

Report Attribute Details
No. of Pages 442
Forecast Period 2023 – 2028
Estimated Market Value (USD) in 2023 $167.5 Billion
Forecasted Market Value (USD) by 2028 $239.4 Billion
Compound Annual Growth Rate 7.4%
Regions Covered Global

Premium Insights

  • Emerging Demand for Personalized Nutrition to Present Opportunities for Market Growth
  • India to be the Fastest-Growing Market for Dietary Supplements During Forecast Period
  • Vitamins to Account for Largest Share in Asia-Pacific Dietary Supplements Market
  • Asia-Pacific and Tablets Segment Projected to Dominate Market
  • Vitamins Projected to Dominate During Forecast Period
  • Additional Supplements Segment Projected to Dominate the Global Market
  • Adults Projected to Dominate Dietary Supplements Market
  • Online Segment Projected to Dominate the Global Market

Market Dynamics


  • Shift in Consumer Preferences Due to Increasing Focus on Health
  • Rising Healthcare Burden due to Chronic Ailments
  • Rising Geriatric Population and Their Growing Use of Dietary Supplements
  • Growing Retail Sales of Functional Foods


  • High Cost of Dietary Supplements
  • High R&D Investments and Cost of Clinical Trials


  • Shift Toward Plant-Based Supplements
  • Consumer Awareness About Micronutrient Deficiencies
  • Government Mandates Related to Food Fortification


  • Consumer Skepticism and Fake Supplements Associated with Nutraceutical Products
  • Challenging Regulatory Environment

Industry Trends

Value Chain

  • Research & Development
  • Sourcing
  • Manufacturing
  • Packaging and Storage
  • Distribution
  • End-users

Technology Analysis

  • Food Microencapsulation
  • Encapsulation of Omega-3 to Mask Odor
  • Biotechnology
  • Innovative and Disruptive Technologies
  • Robotics to be a Key Technological Trend Leading to Innovations
  • 3D Printing of Dietary Supplements

Case Studies

  • Safety Assessment and Certification Demand by Industry Players to Ensure Transparency
  • Companies Focused on Developing Flavored Dietary Supplement Products
  • US-Based Firm Started Offering Easy-To-Use and Efficient-To-Take Vitamin and Mineral Pills That Dissolve Instantly

Company Profiles

Key Players

  • Nestle
  • Abbott
  • Amway Corp
  • Pfizer Inc.
  • Adm
  • International Flavors & Fragrances Inc. (Iff)
  • Otsuka Holdings Co., Ltd.
  • Glanbia plc
  • Gsk plc.
  • Bayer Ag

Other Players

  • Herbalife International of America, Inc.
  • Nature’s Sunshine Products, Inc.
  • Bionova Lifesciences
  • Arkopharma
  • American Health
  • Pure Encapsulation LLC
  • H&H Group
  • Nu Skin
  • Power Gummies
  • Biomedical Research Laboratories
  • Healthkart
  • Nutriscience Corporation
  • Nature’s Essentials
  • Life Extension

For more information about this report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/es14g9

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ResearchAndMarkets.com is the world’s leading source for international market research reports and market data. We provide you with the latest data on international and regional markets, key industries, the top companies, new products and the latest trends.

  • Global Dietary Supplements Market


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The diet of wild Atlantic salmon post-smolts has gone largely unchanged for 20 years

The Global Seafood Alliance is accepting applications for the 11th annual Responsible Seafood Innovation Awards. If you are an entrepreneur finding new solutions to the challenges facing aquaculture and wild-capture fisheries, apply now! The application deadline is June 30. Six finalists will receive complimentary registration to GSA’s Responsible Seafood Summit in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada, and participate in a reception, at which the winners will be crowned.

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